Industrial Engineering


Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Design and Fabrication of a Prototype Pneumatic Cylinder

Pneumatic systems play a crucial role in the manufacturing industry. Many industrial machine require pneumatic systems to operate at present. In industrial machine systems, pneumatic cylinders are one of the machine parts that operate with a high level of intensity; therefore, it is necessary to replace and maintain pneumatic cylinders. The purpose of this paper is to propose the design and production of a prototype pneumatic cylinder that is inexpensive and suitable for single-unit production. The article proposes an approach for determining, developing, and fabricating a pneumatic cylinder prototype for industrial equipment. From the initial working requirements given, a pneumatic cylinder prototype was designed and simulated on Solidwork software. To demonstrate the accuracy of the model, simulations of motion are also taken into account. Next, the dimensions of the pneumatic cylinder are calculated in full detail based on the preliminary model to ensure that they meet the design specifications. The control circuit system is then designed and calculated in accordance with the system's structure. Then, Automation Studio software is utilized to recalculate and validate the model's accuracy. Finally, a pneumatic cylinder prototype was constructed to validate the model. Prototypes are manufactured by CNC machining with the support of CAD/CAM technology. The prototype's smooth motion demonstrates the accuracy of the design process.

Pneumatic Cylinder, Solidworks, Automation Studio, Prototype

Nguyen Xuan Quynh, Tran Thanh Tung. (2023). Design and Fabrication of a Prototype Pneumatic Cylinder. Industrial Engineering, 7(1), 1-6.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. M K Fadzly, R Maizaty, A R Irfan, M F Rosli and T Amarul. Design and Development of Pneumatic Air Engine using Linear Actuator. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 864, 2nd Joint Conference on Green Engineering Technology & Applied Computing 2020 4-5 February 2020, Bangkok, Thailand.
2. Osama A. Gaheen, Ernesto Benini, Mohamed A. Khalifa, Mohamed A. Aziz. Pneumatic cylinder speed and force control using controlled pulsating flow. Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal. Volume 35, 2022.
3. Y. Yin, Application of pneumatic technology in fuel cell vehicles. High Speed Pneumatic Theory and Technology, II. Springer. 2020, 323–349.
4. Y. Yin, Pneumatic–hydraulic pile driving hammer. High Speed Pneumatic Theory and Technology, II. Springer. 2020, 269–321.
5. M. Y. Salloom, E. B. Abdulqader. Speed and force control of a hydraulic press using proportional valve Int. Res. J. Eng. Technol., 3 (2016), pp. 83-91.
6. Abramov, V. V., Shram, V. G., Sokolnikov, А. N. et al. Design of Pneumatic Cylinder with Fixation of Rod for Industrial Equipment Drives. Chem Petrol Eng 57, 288–291 (2021).
7. K. Mikami & K. Tadano (2021) High-performance finger module for robot hands with pneumatic cylinder and parallel link mechanism, Advanced Robotics, 35: 24, 1513-1524.
8. Toshihiko Morichika, Fumitaka Kikkawa, Osamu Oyama and Toshihiro Yoshimitsu, "Development of walking assist equipment with pneumatic cylinder," SICE Annual Conference 2007, Takamatsu, Japan, 2007, pp. 1058-1063, doi: 10.1109/SICE.2007.4421141.
9. Gai, C. H., Wang, C. G., & Xie, X. H. (2013). Development and Experimental Research of Two-Way Impact Pneumatic Cylinder. In Applied Mechanics and Materials (Vol. 331, pp. 236–241). Trans Tech Publications, Ltd.
10. Chang, M. S., Kwon, Y. I. & Kang, B. S. Design of reliability qualification test for pneumatic cylinders based on performance degradation data. J Mech Sci Technol 28, 4939–4945 (2014).
11. Woo, S.; O’Neal, D. L.; Hassen, Y. M. Enhancing the Lifetime of the Pneumatic Cylinder in Automatic Assembly Line Subjected to Repeated Pressure Loading. Metals 2022, 12, 35.
12. A A Nikitin, E A Sorokin, T N Nikitina1, I V Andreychikov and S P Dunaeva. Research of pneumatic cylinder actuator's dynamics. 2021 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1889 042075. DOI 10.1088/1742-6596/1889/4/042075
13. Su, X.; Xie, Y.; Sun, L.; Jiang, B. Constant Force Control of Centrifugal Pump Housing Robot Grinding Based on Pneumatic Servo System. Appl. Sci. 2022, 12, 9708.
14. Pengfei Qian, Chenwei Pu, Lei Liu, Pansong Lv, Luis Miguel Ruiz Páez. A novel pneumatic actuator based on high-frequency longitudinal vibration friction reduction. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. Volume 344, 2022.
15. M. Gailis, J. Rudzitis, M. Madissoo and J. Kreicbergs. Research on energy efficiency of pneumatic cylinder for pneumatic vehicle motor. Agronomy Research 18 (S1), 823–841, 2020.